Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Maker's Marks

Silver Marks ~ Germany ~ After 1886

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In 1884 a law was enacted making .800 the minimum national standard for silver in Germany. In 1886 the use of individual city marks was abolished and replaced by the national mark (reichsmark) of a crescent moon & crown mark (Halbmond und Krone) representing the entire German state. These marks became compulsory by 1888.
The crown & crescent moon are used in conjunction with a maker's mark and a decimal silver standard mark.

Common silver standards are .800 & .835 __ .830, .900, .925 and .935 purities are also used.
German
Hallmarks

Pre-1886



Franz Bahner
Dusseldorf
1. Mark used 1895 - 1917
2. Mark used from 1917 until closure in 1962. The firm name remained Franz Bahner, although the company had been acquired by Mansfelder Silber and the mark changed to "MS"

Hermann Bauer
Schwäbisch Gmund
1863-Present

Hermann Behrnd
Dresden

Fritz Bemberg
Pforzheim
Active ca.1900 - 1940

Wilhelm Binder
Schwäbisch Gmund
founded 1869

Hugo Bohm
Schwäbisch Gmund
founded 1887

Bremer Silberwarenfabrik
Bremen
1905 - 1981

Bremer Silberwarenfabrik (BSF)
Bremen
Division of Wilkens since 1981, specializing
in modern design flatware.


Bruckmann & Söhne
Heilbronn
1805 - 1973
Peter Bruckmann (1865-1937) was the first chairman of the Deutscher Werkbund (founded 1907) and the Bruckmann firm produced many pieces by leading German designers.

Gebrüder Deyhle
Schwäbisch Gmund
founded 1820

Gebrüder Dingeldein
Hanau
Active ca. 1870's - 1930's

Garagnon
Pforzheim
active c.1930's to 1960's

Gayer & Krauss
Schwäbisch Gmund
? - Present

Fritz Gerber & Co.
Goerlitz
active c. 1900 - 1920

Jakob Grimminger
Schwäbisch Gmund
founded 1893

Goerlitzer Schmuck und Silberwarenfabrik
Goerlitz
active c. 1960 - 1990

Theodor Julius Gunther
Berlin
Succeeded by Robert Freund

Gustav Haegermann
Burgdorf / Hannover

Hanseatische Silberwarenfabrik
Bremen

Gustav Hauber
Schwäbisch Gmund
1870 - Present

Heinrich Haupt
Dusseldorf
Early 20th cent.

Theodor Heiden
Munich / München
b.1853 - d.1928

Emil Hermann
Waldstetten
1921 - Present

Otto Hintze
Hamburg

Karl Kaltenbach & Söhne
Altensteig

Gebrüder Köberlin
Döbeln
founded 1828

Koch & Bergfeld
Bremen
founded 1829

Körner & Proll
Berlin

Fr. Kraemer
??

Robert Kraft
Pforzheim
Active ca.1900 - 1940

Gebrüder Kühne
Schwäbisch Gmund
Active ca. 1900-1940

G. Kurz
Schwäbisch Gmund
Active - first half 20th Cent.

Louis Kuppenheim
Pforzheim
Active ca. 1900-1940

Langer & Gunther
Lichtenstein-Callenberg

Lutz & Weiss
Pforzheim
founded 1882

(see; Franz Bahner)

Adam Manns & Sohne
Doernigheim

Adolf Mayer
Frankfurt am Main
Jugendstil period, jewelry and holloware.



Martin Mayer
Mainz
founded 1888
produced designs by Peter Behrens, Hans Christiansen & Patriz Huber

H.Meyen & Co.
Berlin
1846 - ca.1950

Arthur Möhrle (Moehrle)
Schwäbisch Gmund
1895 - Present

Franz Mosgau
Berlin
founded 1807

Theodore Müller
Weimar
1863 - ca.1940
produced jugendstil designs by Henry van de Velde ca.1900

Kurt Poetzsch
Weissenfels
Active ca. 1925 - 1960

Lazarus Posen
Frankfurt am Main
Active ca. 1870 - 1930

Josef Reiner
Krumbach Bayern
Founded 1874, succeeded by Gebruder Reiner in 1910, although this mark was used until 1914.

Gebrüder Reiner
Krumbach Bayern
1910 - Present
Marks used after 1914.

Friedrich Reuswig
Hanau
1903 - 1926

Robbe & Berking
Flensburg
1874 - Present

Arrow mark used until 1964, initial mark or full name used after.

Rossdeutscher & Reisig
Breslau

M J Ruckert M. J. Rückert
Mainz
1838 - 1932

Karl Schatz
Hanau
Active 1st quarter 20th century.

J. D. Schleissner Söhne
Hanau
Founded 1816 - Present

A. Schöllkopf
Pforzheim
active ca. 1910 - 1919

Seybold & Hirschauer
Hanau
Active ca. 1900 - 1930

Hermann Spliedt
Itzehoe
founded 1857

Storck & Sinsheimer
Hanau
1874 - ca.1930

Vereinigte Silberwarenfabriken
Düsseldorf
founded 1810

E. L. Vietor
Darmstadt
Active ca.1890-1910

August Wellner & Söhne
Aue
founded in 1854, this mark used ca.1928-1938

Christoph Widmann
Pforzheim
founded 1919

M. H. Wilkens & Söhne
Bremen-Hemelingen
founded 1810

Otto Wolter Silberwarenfabrik
Schwäbisch Gmund

Württembergische Metallwarenfabrik (WMF)
Geislingen
1853-Present

Silverplate Mark (WMF)
Geislingen
ca. 1900

H. Wurm
Braunschweig (Brunswick)

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Unidentified Marks

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"GSK" in triangle

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"K" above crossed hammers

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"RS" flanking an anchor

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